Описание работы DHT

Одним из краеугольных протоколов децентрализованных сетей без преувеличения является DHT (Distributed Hash Table). Он был изобретен в конце 90-х годов для решения задачи индексации и поиска среди большого количества данных. Несмотря на то, что сами данные (файлы и т.д) могут храниться на разных серверах, таблица ссылок на данные потенциально может быть бесконечно большой, что исключает вариант ее хранения в одном...


The trust fork

Bitcoin forks really spotlight many problems. Here we are talking about forks, in which: there is a shared common transaction history the cryptography is identical (in other words, the keys to the wallets in one fork will fit the wallets in the other fork too) there is an identical mining algorithm (this wasn’t so for forks which changed their algorithm...


How to classify kinds of consensus

Making comparisons between currencies and blockchain systems is often a mistaken idea. Why? Because they're different solutions to different problems. Each of these two systems is based on its own separate security model. If we're talking about decentralized systems, and keep that 'decentralized' idea front of mind, then the most important thing that's worth mentioning is consensus. Of course, there...


Is Bitcoin a bubble?

Price of bitcoin has hit $7,300 But is it all just a bubble? Of course it is. Could its price rise even higher in the near future? Could it reach $50,000? Of course. At this stage, no-one is in the slightest bothered what it costs – the only thing is that it should keep going up. During the first world...


Why we’re developing a framework for tokenisation

We’re doing this for exactly the same reasons that buildings are built from blueprints. Dozens of start-ups are announcing the tokenisation of assets – precious metals, real estate property, ownership of rights to musical compositions, and many more. What’s common to all of these systems is that they perform an accounting function for assets, and cover numerous basic functions –...


How will tokenisation alter the approach to investment?

A trend is emerging as a result of the blockchain industry, in which companies are selling tokens in their networks (utility tokens, protocol tokens), yet without selling their own shares. In the most extreme cases, there’s no actual company at all (for example, Bitcoin) – although early buyers in these networks can make money off the rise in the token...


A new era for asset management

A new era is coming up in asset management. This process will become fully digital. “Yes, but it’s already digitized!”, many will reply? Well, yes – but not entirely. ~40 years ago, all accounting systems were paper-based. It’s true that today, most of those systems have been computerized – for example, you’ll almost never see a paper stock. Yet the...


Why were earlier icos better than today’s?

This question has been bothering me for a while now. In fact, some early ICOs (Ethereum, for example) were real breakthrough products which changed the course of history. They really needed to pull in $10 million dollars for their own development. Today, though, I couldn’t name a single ICO that’s capable of justifying itself. People often say to me things...

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